Lots of blue paint to the ready, this will be my 3rd year joining in with #the100dayproject
on Instagram @AliEllyDesign
A new artwork each and every day starting April 2018 inspired by #100daysofbluesealife
lots of painting, patterns and loads of all my favourite blues.
Always learning I’m planning to explore more about each sea creature as I go, so I’ll also have 3 fun facts each day.
I’m so excited to get back to daily creating...🖌
Blue Mussel (Mytilus Edulis)
1. They grow a hair-like substance to attach themselves to rocks in places where the sea is very stormy and rough. These byssal threads of mussels are so strong that they can cling to even a Teflon surface.
2. Mussels feed entirely on plankton. To do this they can filter up to 65 litres of water a day.
3. Pearls are not only found in oysters, it is possible to find one even in a common mussel. Scientists of Oxford University found a colony of mussels containing rare black pearls.
Spotted lantern fish (Myctophum punctatum)
1. It gets its name from its ability to produce light. The light is produced by tiny organs known as photophores. A chemical reaction gives off light process known as bioluminescence, the same process used by fireflies.
2. They grow to 11 cm and can be found at depths of 1000m.
3. There are lanternfish all over the Earth, scientists think there are more lanternfish than any other type of deep-sea creature.
Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus)
1. It gets its common name from the legend that other smaller species of fish could ride on its back over great distances.
2. The immune system of the horse mackerel allows it to hide among the tentacles of the man-of-war via toxin immunity.
3. They can grow up to 60cm and live to 20 years.
Boar fish (Capros aper)
1. This clever fish can swim backwards very effectively.
2. It grows up to 30cm.
3. It’s also know as the Zulu Fish, it seems to have acquired the name of another fish by accident.
Short Snouted Seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus)
1. The eyes of a seahorse resemble a chameleon’s eyes; which means that the seahorse is able to look backwards and also forwards at the exact same time.
2. They eat all the time because their bodies don’t contain stomachs and they have no teeth to chew with. As a result, food they eat passes their bodies at a very fast rate so if they don’t eat constantly they’d die.
3.Like all seahorses they are monogamous and form faithful pair bonds.
Pacific Sardine (Sardinops Sagax)
1. Sardines are named after the Mediterranean Island of Sardinia.
2. Like synchronised swimmers, sardines in a school move together as one.
3. Can live as long as 14 years old, however, 90% of the population is younger than 6 years old.
White legged shrimp (Litopenaeus setiferus)
1. In order to protect themselves from predators, shrimp have a sharp beak called the rostrum, this beak also serves as a stabilizer when swimming backwards and forwards in the water.
2. Within their schools, audio communication occurs, snapping and clicking is thought to play a role in both how they socialize and how they intimidate other marine life.
3.Just one shrimp can lay up to one million eggs and they can easily adapt to new conditions in the water, accounting for their vast numbers in every ocean on earth.
Flounder (Paralichthys lethosigma)
1. Like chameleons, flounder may change the colours and patterns of their exposed skin to match the bottom on which they are hiding.
2.Flounder have been found at the bottom of the Mariana trench.
3.When flounder are hatched they have one eye on each side of its head. As they grow one eye moves until they have both eyes on the same side of the head.
1. The cuttlefish blood looks blue-green because it uses the pigment hemocyanin to carry oxygen, unlike our blood which uses the red pigment hemoglobin. They have three hearts, one for each set of gills and one for the rest of the body.
Hemocyanin can’t carry as much oxygen as hemoglobin so the cuttlefish needs a faster blood flow to compensate.
2. They have very complex brains, able to distinguish between one and five and four and five, researchers concluded that they “are at least equivalent to infants and primates in terms of number sense”.
3. It has eight sucker-lined arms and two prehensile tentacles which can be withdrawn into pouches under the eyes.
Sable fish (Anoplopoma fimbria)
1. Sablefish are extremely long-lived, some reaching over 90 years of age.
2. Commonly called “black cod”, this fish is actually not related to the cod family.
3. They can live at depths of 1,500 metres below the sea level.
Portuguese man-of-war jellyfish or bluebottle (Physalia physalis)
1. They cannot swim, they float driven by the wind and currents with the aid of their gas-filled bladder. Some are left-sided, while others are right-sided and they drift at an angle of 45 degrees of the direction from which the wind is blowing. This distinction is crucial in the spreading of the jellyfish more evenly over the oceans of the world.
2. The tentacles with the stinging cells can get to be 165 feet - that’s longer than a blue whale.
3. The fossil records for the man-of-war go back 600 million years.
Pacific rock oysters (Crassostrea gigas)
1. There is a sub-species known as the pearl oyster but any oyster can produce pearls. A pearl forms when a foreign object such as a grain of sand, works its way inside the oyster's shell. This object irritates the oyster causing the it to produce a substance called nacre, which is a mixture of calcium and protein. Over many years a pearl is formed.
2. A group of oysters is called a colony, bed or reef and baby oysters are called spat.
3. Oysters can change from male to female. Younger ones are generally male, but by the time their two years old, most oysters change to female. If, however, there are too many females in the population, oysters can also switch back to male to boost the population.
Northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica)
1. There are currently over 80 known species of krill that have been recorded living in the ocean. They are in every ocean and are an important part of the diet of whales, seals, fish, squid and many other marine species, playing a vital role in the global ecosystem.
2. There are 114,000 krill for each and every one of the 7 billion people on earth.
3. Krill can glow a yellow-green light for up to 3 seconds at a time. It is not known exactly why krill glow, but it is thought that krill illuminate to avoid predators from the deep by blending into the brightness of the sky and ice above the surface.
Common starfish (Asterias rubens)
1. They don’t have a brain, however they are able to feel and make decisions using their senses. They can interpret the environment, look for food and respond to pain or danger by trying to move away from it.
2. Starfish don’t see as well as we do but they do have simple eyes. They have an eye spot at the end of each arm. This means that a five-armed sea star has five eyes with the 40-arm sun star has 40 eyes. The eye doesn't see much detail but it can sense light and dark.
3. If a starfish looses an arm they are able to regrow it over time. Among certain starfish species the limb that is lost from the starfish can grow into a completely new, identical copy of the original starfish.
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus)
1. Bluefin tunas are built like torpedoes, they have streamlined bodies built for speed. They can retract their dorsal and pectoral fins to reduce drag reaching speeds of up to 43 miles per hour. Bluefish tuna can cross the Atlantic in fewer than 60 days.
2. Unlike other fish Atlantic Bluefin Tuna are warm blooded fish enabling them to be comfortable in a wide variety of water conditions.
3. Enjoyed by Japanese sushi lovers, Bluefin tuna has suffered a catastrophic decline in stocks and has sadly been endangered for several years.
European spray (Sprattus sprattus)
1. Sprat is often a word used as a generic term for any kind of small fish but the European sprat is actually a specific species of fish.
2. The sprats are tiny, herring-like oily fish, a little bit bigger than whitebait. Small and perfectly formed, their stocks are abundant.
3. They are normally sold canned just like sardines and are very popular in Russia.